The Holocaust

The Holocaust

Anti-Jewish Laws: Breaking Human Rights

   Restriction: n, a limiting condition or measure

   One of the first acts of the Nazi party, the one that began the Holocaust, was to start bringing in legislation against the Jews. Slowly, the freedom and rights of the Jews were removed under Nazi rule as the dehumanisation process continued.

   Most of the rules the Nazi party introduced, both in Germany and other occupied countries such as Holland and Poland, would not have a large impact alone, but, together, they removed almost all the priveliges and freedom of the Jews.

   Some major laws that came into play during the Nazi's rule were, chronologically:

July 14, 1933 - Jewish immigrants stripped of their German citizenship.

September 29, 1933 -  Jews can no longer own land.

October 4, 1933 - Jews cannot be newspaper editors.

January 24, 1934 - Jews cannot join trade unions.

May 17, 1934 - Jews cannot have health insurance.

July 22, 1934 - Jews can no longer gain qualifications.

May 21, 1935 - Jews cannot serve in the military.

June 26, 1935 - Women with 'hereditary illnesses' can be forced to have an abortion.

September 15, 1935 - Nuremberg Race Laws passed. These stop Jews from marrying anyone 'of German blood'.

January 1936 - Jews are not allowed to teach German children, or become accountants or dentists. They are denied tax reductions and allowances for children.

April 26, 1938 - Jews have to register all belongings with the Nazi Government.

July 6, 1938 - Jews cannot trade anymore.

July 23, 1938 - Jews over 15 years old must own an identity card and have it with them at all times.

July 25, 1938 - Jews cannot practice medicine.

September 27, 1938 - Jews cannot be involved in any jobs to do with law.

October 5, 1938 - Jewish passports to be stamped with letter 'J'.

November 15, 1938 - Jewish children cannot attend school with Germans.

December 3, 1938 - All Jewish businesses to be 'Aryanised' - handed over to Germans without compensation, and all stock to be sold below value.

February 21, 1939 - Jews cannot own gold or silver

April 30, 1939 - Jews cannot be tenants and must live in 'Jewish' homes.

July 4, 1939 - Jews cannot be involved in Government.

September 1, 1939 - Jewish curfew enforced - must be inside by 8:00pm in winter and 9:00pm in summer.

September 23, 1939 - Jews cannot own radios.

October 1939 - Use of euthanasia on sick and disabled legalised.

October 26, 1939 - Jews aged 14 to 60 are forced to workl.

November 23, 1939 - Yellow stars must be worn by Jews over age 10.

   The number of these laws, I think, illustrates the point that over the first few years of Nazi rules, Jews and non-Aryans gradually had their freedom erased, culminating in the relocation of Jews to ghettos and concentration camps.